Teaching Phonics At Swaffham Prior
In addition to these basic reading skills the teaching of phonics is a key focus at Swaffham Prior for our developing readers and writers. We ensure that all children in our Foundation Stage, year 1 and year 2 classes are taught phonic skills through a daily 20 minute discrete phonic lesson. This develops the child's ability to tackle unknown words within a text by blending the phonemes (sounds) within the word. These phonic skills also enable a child to work out the phonemes they will need to use when they are writing words.
The phonic lessons are based on the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme and structured to ensure that children are first able to identify letters and to say the sound those letters make. Once children are confident with saying the single letter sounds and blending them to create words, they then start to learn the common digraphs (where two letters go together to create a new phoneme such as sh), trigraphs (where three letters create a new phoneme such as igh) and spelling patterns that we use within the English language.
At Swaffham Prior, the key objectives in our phonic, reading and writing lessons are that children are taught to:
- love books and enjoy listening to stories, poems and rhymes
- read and write letter-sound correspondences quickly
- decode effortlessly, spell and handwrite easily
- comprehend what they read
- read with fluency and expression
- write confidently using oral rehearsal
- work effectively with a partner or within a group to articulate their learning at every step